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英語國家概況自考2017年10月真題

責任編輯:彭雅倩 發布日期:2019年06月23日 來源:學賽網

【摘要】該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

英語國家概況自考2017年10月真題及答案解析

該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

一、單項選擇題

Multiple Choice Questions (30 points, 1 points for each) Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statements or questions, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statements or answers the question. Blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.

1.The_______that occurred in London in 1952 left 4,000 people dead or dying.

A.storm
B.smog
C.hurricane
D.earthquake

2.The UK is bordered by______on the east.

A.the North Sea
B.the Irish Sea
C.the Straits of Dover
D.the English Channel

3.Christianity was first brought to England by______.

A.the Vikings
B.the Normans
C.the Romans
D.the Anglo-Saxons

4.In 1764, James Hargreaves invented______which contributed to the real “revolution” in textiles.

A.spinning jenny
B.flying shuttle
C.water frame
D.power loom

5.In about 2000 BC, _______arrived in Britain from the areas now known as Holland and the Rhineland.

A.the Celts
B.the Danes
C.The Iberians
D.the Beaker Folk

6.The author of The Canterbury Tales is_______.

A.John Denne
B.Geoffrey Chaucer
C.T. S. Eliot
D.Thomas Becket

7.________is Britain’s biggest television broadcaster.

A.BSkyB
B.The BBC
C.Channel Four D
D.The ITV network

8.________reform resulted from the Pope’s refusal to annul his marriage.

A.Edward Ⅴ’s
B.Edward Ⅵ’s
C.Henry Ⅶ’ s
D.Henry Ⅷ’s

9.In the UK, those secondary schools that prepare students for higher education are called________.

A.public schools
B.private schools
C.grammar schools
D.secondary modem schools

10.In the UK, national newspapers are generally divided into two types: popular papers and_______papers.

A.quality
B.serious
C.specialist
D.business

11.The great turning point of the American War of Independence occurred at_______, where the American troops defeated the British.

A.Boston
B.Lexington
C.Saratoga
D.Philadelphia

12.English oppression and the Potato Famine drove 1.5 million Irishmen from their homeland to the United States in the period between_______.

A.1810 and 1820
B.1845 and 1854
C.1860 and 1890
D.1965 and 1970

13.The Declaration of Independence is a clear explanation of______political theory.

A.John Locke’s
B.Washington Irving’s
C.Francis Bacon’s
D.Benjamin Franklin’s

14.The 1920s in the United States has been described by many historians as a period of material_______and spiritual_______.

A.prosperity/fulfillment
B.collapse/fulfillment
C.collapse/frustration
D.success/frustration

15.American music in the first half of the 20th century was famous for_______, introduced by African-Americans in the south.

A.rock
B.jazz
C.hip-hop
D.country

16.________began the rise of the United States as a world power.

A.The War of 1812
B.The Spanish-American War
C.World War Ⅰ
D.The Civil War

17.In the United States, a humid ________climate is found in New England.

A.maritime
B.subtropical
C.continental
D.Mediterranean

18.Which state did the Americans buy from Napoleon for only 15 million dollars in the 1790s?

A.Ohio.
B.Indiana.
C.Illinois.
D.Louisiana.

19.The United States trends towards cultural diversity, pluralism and the image of a________.

A.golden bowl bowl
B.colored bowl
C.salad bowl
D.square bowl

20.Canada spans________time zones and borders_______oceans.

A.five/two
B.five/three
C.six/two
D.six/three

21.The Canadian writer _______won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature for her work as“master of the modem short story.”

A.Alice Munro
B.Cynthia Ozick
C.Margaret Atwood
D.Margaret Laurence

22.The first permanent Canadian settlements were established by_______in the early 17th century.

A.the British
B.the French
C.the Germans
D.the Russians

23.The swimming styles known as_______ were invented by Australians.

A.the breaststroke and the butterfly stroke
B.the backstroke and the breaststroke
C.the crawl and the butterfly stroke
D.the crawl and the backstroke

24.Most Australians do not know their continent very well because they live on the cool, wet and forested________.

A.northeast highland
B.northwest highland
C.southeast coastland
D.southwest coastland

25.The largest component of the Australian economy is________.

A.services
B.agriculture
C.forestry
D.fishing

26.In New Zealand, _______acts as the final court of appeal.

A.the District Court
B.the Parliament
C.the High Court
D.the British Privy Council

27.In New Zealand, Pakeha refers to people of non-Polynesian heritage, especially those of_______descent.

A.Asian
B.African
C.European
D.American

28.The two dominant political parties in New Zealand are______and Labor.

A.Liberal
B.National
C.Country
D.Democratic

29.In Ireland, ______ is the guardian of the constitution.

A.the Senate
B.the president
C.the prime minister
D.the Supreme Court

30._______was first introduced to Ireland in the Norman invasion.

A.Latin
B.Norse
C.English
D.Greek

二、填充題

BLANK FILLINGS Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 1-10 on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points, 2 points each)

11.A.MaoriB.TudorC.kangaroosD.reservationsE.platypusesF.ManchesterG.Canada DayH.LiverpoolI.hydroelectricJ.James MeredithK.workshop of the worldL.The Guardians of the Peace1.As a result of the industrial revolution, Britain was by 1830 the ”_______, ”with no other country ready to compete with her in industrial production.

12.2.In England, the Renaissance is usually thought of as beginning with the accession of the House of_______to the throne in 1485.

13.3._______is the hometown of the Beatles.

14.4.By the late 1880s most Native Americans had been forced off their lands and onto_______.

15.5._______was the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.

16.6.In Canada, many rivers characterized by rapids and falls are a rich source of_______power.

17.7.The British North America Act was officially announced on July 1, now celebrated as _______.

18.8.Australia is home to_______whose babies are raised in a pouch on the mother’s belly.

19.9.New Zealand was first settled by the ancestors of the_______.

110.10.Ireland has no local police forces. _______is a nationwide force headed by a commissioner responsible to the minister for justice.

三、解釋術語

Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answers on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (10 points, 5 points each)

21.Thatcherism

22.Australian Aborigines

四、回答問題

Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

31.What is Great Britain made up of?

32.What was the spirit of Magna Carta in relation to the king’s powers?

33.Who is the author of the English play Romeo and Juliet?

34.What do the New Stales in the USA refer to?

35.What did the people in America mean when they declared “No taxation without representation”?

36.What is multiculturalism in Canada?

37.What is the basis of New Zealand’s higher education?

38.What are the two official languages in New Zealand?

39.In Ireland, when and why is St. Patrick's Day celebrated?

310.What was the purpose of the Downing Street Declaration signed in 1993 between the Irish and the British governments?

五、論文問題

ESSAY QUESTION Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

41.Give an explanation of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal.

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