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英語國家概況自考2017年04月真題

責任編輯:彭雅倩 發布日期:2019年06月23日 來源:學賽網

【摘要】該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

英語國家概況自考2017年04月真題及答案解析

該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

一、單項選擇題

Multiple Choice Questions (30 points, 1 points for each) Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statements or questions, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statements or answers the question. Blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.

1.Which of the following rivers goes through the city of London?

A.The Forth.
B.The Severn.
C.The Thames.
D.The Mersey.

2.About 500 BC_______began to arrive in Britain and kept coming until the arrival of the Romans.

A.the Jutes
B.the Angles
C.the Celts
D.the Saxons

3.Located in Wales, ________is an important city in the UK.

A.Belfast
B.Cardiff
C.Liverpool
D.Edinburgh

4.In the reign of______, Britain lost the French port of Calais.

A.Elizabeth I
B.Edward VI
C.Henry VIII
D.Mary Tudor

5.The name Great Britain came into being when, in 1707, the Act of Union united England and______.

A.Wales
B.Scotland
C.Southern Ireland
D.Northern Ireland

6.The Parliament Act in 1911 strictly limited the powers of_______, making the Commons the supreme legislative body.

A.the Lords
B.the Cabinet
C.the Crown
D.the Church of England

7.What might be the immediate cause of the UK’s entry into WWI?

A.Germany’s invasion of Belgium.
B.The assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
C.Austrian declaration of war on Serbia.
D.Germany’s declaration of war on Russia.

8.The discovery of oil in______has made the UK self-sufficient in oil.

A.the Irish Sea
B.the Black Sea
C.the North Sea
D.the Mediterranean

9.The Labour Party and______have been the dominant party in the UK since the mid-1920s.

A.the Republican Party
B.the Liberal Democrats
C.the Conservative Party
D.the Scottish National Party

10.Which of the following was a consequence of the Norman Conquest on England?

A.English became the official language in England.
B.The feudal system was completely established in England.
C.The England's commerce with the Continent was severely weakened.
D.The English church courts were more closely related to the civil courts.

11.How do most students in the UK pay for their college education?

A.They do part-time jobs.
B.They get state-funded grants.
C.They pay for it after graduation.
D.They get support from their parents.

12.In 1265, Simon de Montfort summoned the Great Council to meet at_______, and the meeting was seen as that of the earliest parliament.

A.Bedford
B.Canterbury
C.Westminster
D.Winchester

13.Which of the following is a newspaper of Northern Ireland?

A.The Herald.
B.The Daily Record
C.The Western Mail.
D.The Belfast Telegraph.

14._______forms a natural boundary between Mexico and the USA.

A.The Colorado River
B.The Rio Grande River
C.The American Ruhr
D.The Gulf of California

15.Which of the following was the chief center of the American War of Independence?

A.The South.
B.The Midwest.
C.New England.
D.The Middle Atlantic States.

16.What language has official status in the state of New Mexico?

A.French.
B.Russian.
C.Spanish.
D.Portuguese.

17.In September 1783, by______Britain recognized the independence of the United States.

A.the Treaty of Paris
B.the Alien and Sedition Acts
C.the Declaration of Independence
D.the Emancipation Proclamation

18.In______women in the USA were given the right to vote.

A.1870
B.1890
C.1913
D.1920

19.In 1607, the English founded their first permanent settlement in_______on the American continent.

A.Virginia
B.Maryland
C.Connecticut
D.Massachusetts

20.The nature of McCarthyism is_______.

A.anti-racism
B.anti-Communism
C.advocating free market
D.advocating environmental protection

21.John Maynard Keynes believed the government could enhance the development of economy by_______.

A.limiting birthrate
B.weakening manufacturing
C.averaging household income
D.controlling spending and taxes

22. ______ is often considered the father of American drama.

A.William Inge
B.Arthur Miller
C.Eugene O’Neill
D.Tennessee Williams

23._______, as "the national sport,” is the oldest of the major American team sports.

A.Baseball
B.Football
C.Basketball
D.Ice hockey

24.In Canada______can introduce bills involving taxation.

A.the Supreme Court
B.the House of Commons
C.the Senate
D.the Governor-General

25.Among the natural regions of Canada, farthest east is_______.

A.the Canadian Shield
B.the Arctic Region
C.the Appalachian Region
D.the Cordilleran Region

26.There have been nine major occurrences of_______in Australia since 1788 due to its location and geographical features.

A.flood
B.drought
C.landslide
D.earthquake

27.As the federal capital of Australia, Canberra balances the power between two ________centers of Sydney and Melbourne.

A.economic
B.political
C.education
D.population

28.Ireland is called the Emerald Isle because of______.

A.its rich green countryside
B.its rich emerald stones
C.its surrounding blue sea
D.its numerous islands

29._______, the capital of Ireland, is known for its theaters and writers.

A.Dublin
B.Cork
C.Limerick
D.Waterford

30.Ireland enjoys a climate of western maritime under the influence of_______.

A.the Indian Ocean
B.the Pacific Ocean
C.the Arctic Ocean
D.the Atlantic Ocean

二、填充題

BLANK FILLINGS Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 1-10 on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points, 2 points each)

11.A.1867B.the NetherlandsC.the Easter RisingD.Thanksgiving DayE.subjectF.James JoyceG.Veterans DayH.the prime ministerI.The English Civil WarJ.AlfredK.the Treaty of WaitangiL.the Governor-General1.Known as “the father of the British navy,”_______founded a strong fleet which first beat the Danes at sea.

12.2.During nearly 400 years of control of Britain, the Romans always treated the Britons as a _______ people of slave class.

13.3.________marked the beginning of modem world history because it shook the foundation of the feudal rule in Europe.

14.4.Americans celebrate_______to honor veterans of all wars in which the US has fought.

15.5.The first immigrants in American history came from England and_______.

16.6.Once a colony of Great Britain, Canada became independent in______ through the British North America Act.

17.7.In 1840, on behalf of the British government, William Hobson signed______with Maori chiefs in New Zealand.

18.8.In Australia, Britain’s monarch is officially represented by______and six state governors.

19.9.The armed Irish uprising against the British rule in 1916 is known as_______.

110.10.Ulysses was written by the Irish novelist_______.

三、解釋術語

Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answers on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (10 points, 5 points each)

21.Wars of the Roses

22.ANZUS Treaty

四、回答問題

Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

31.What was the effect of the Glorious Revolution on the British form of government?

32.How important is trade in the UK’s economy?

33.What role did Martin Luther King play in the Civil Rights Movement?

34.For what purpose did the British government put the Stamp Tax into effect in America?

35.What are the main factors shaping the Canadian climate?

36.Who are the aboriginal people of Canada?

37.Why is Australia rich in unique species of animals and plants?

38.Why was Australia called a prison colony when it was founded in the late 1700s?

39.What is the base of support of the Labor Party in New Zealand?

310.What caused the fall of the Irish population in the 19th century?

五、論文問題

ESSAY QUESTION Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

41.What are the distinct characteristics of the US government?

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