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英語國家概況自考2016年10月真題

責任編輯:彭雅倩 發布日期:2019年06月23日 來源:學賽網

【摘要】該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

英語國家概況自考2016年10月真題及答案解析

該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

一、單項選擇題

Multiple Choice Questions (30 points, 1 points for each) Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statements or questions, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statements or answers the question. Blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.

1.Britain’s climate is of the maritime type, characterized by the following EXCEPT_______.

A.heavy fog
B.rainstorms
C.cool temperatures
D.frequent cloudy days

2.Between 1649 and 1660, England was not ruled by a monarch, but declared by Oliver Cromwell a ______.

A.Republic
B.Dominion
C.Federal State
D.Commonwealth

3.______was ceded to Britain by the 1763 Treaty of Paris after the Seven Years’ War.

A.Canada
B.India
C.New Zealand
D.Australia

4.In 1265 _______summoned the Great Council to meet at Westminster, which has been seen as the earliest parliament.

A.the Pope
B.Prince Edward
C.Simon de Montfort
D.King Henry Ⅲ

5.Currently, _______ is the head of state of the UK.

A.George VI
B.David Cameron
C.Gordon Brown
D.Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ

6.Under the rule of William the Conqueror, ________were at the bottom of the English feudal scale.

A.serfs
B.barons
C.knights
D.freemen

7.Of the following British newspapers, ________ displays clear political sympathies with the Labor Party.

A.The Times
B.The Guardian
C.the Daily Mail
D.The Daily Telegraph

8.The Authorized Version of the Bible published in 1611 was made under the command of______.

A.James Ⅰ
B.Elizabeth Ⅰ
C.Edward Ⅳ
D.Henry Ⅲ

9.Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Black Death?

A.It led to the Peasant Uprising of 1381.
B.It prevented the development of capitalism in England.
C.It is a deadly bubonic plague, an epidemic disease spread by rat fleas.
D.It killed between one half and one third of the population of England.

10. ________is the first city to host the modem Olympic Games three times.

A.Atlanta
B.London
C.Sydney
D.Los Angeles

11. _______ forms a natural boundary between Mexico and the United States.

A.The Colorado River
B.The Columbia River
C.The Mississippi River
D.The Rio Grande River

12. _______, which is the chief center of the American Revolution, is sometimes called the birthplace of America.

A.The South
B.New England
C.The Midwest
D.The Middle Atlantic States

13.During the 19th century, ______became an ideology integral to the American nationalist movement.

A.Isolationism
B.McCarthyism
C.Manifest Destiny
D.Truman Doctrine

14.The English founded their first permanent settlement on the American continent at_______in 1607.

A.Plymouth
B.Maryland
C.Jamestown
D.Massachusetts

15.The first important national labor organization in the United States, founded in 1869, was the_______.

A.Knights of Labor (KOL)
B.Trades Union Congress (TUC)
C.American Federation of Labor (AFL)
D.Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)

16._______is one of the America’s first internationally popular writers in the early 19th century.

A.Sinclair Lewis
B.John Steinbeck
C.Washington Irving
D.William Faulkner

17.Many great American inventors contributed to the scientific advancement and technological innovation in American culture, and among them_______ invented the telegraph.

A.Samuel Morse
B.Thomas Edison
C.Eli Whitney
D.Robert Fulton

18.Britain recognized the independence of the United States when the Treaty of Paris was signed in September_______.

A.1776
B.1781
C.1783
D.1787

19.The______is the longest war that the US has ever fought in history.

A.Korean War
B.Vietnam War
C.Afghanistan War
D.Persian Gulf War

20.On the 30th of April, 1789, George Washington took the oath of office in______, which housed the government.

A.New York
B.Lexington
C.Philadelphia
D.Washington, DC

21. _______is often considered the largest French-speaking city outside France.

A.Ottawa
B.Quebec
C.Toronto
D.Montreal

22.The______ in Canada has 105 members who are appointed by the Governor-General on the recommendation of the prime minister.

A.Congress
B.Senate
C.House of Commons
D.House of Representatives

23.In Canada, among the linguistic groups whose mother tongue is neither English nor French, the largest one speaks______.

A.Indian
B.German
C.Inuktitut
D.Chinese

24. _______is the first Australian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1973.

A.Keri Hulme
B.Patrick White
C.Henry Kingsley
D.Thomas Keneally

25.Australia was first founded by the English government as a______in the 1700s.

A.dominion
B.prison colony
C.gold mining base
D.self-governing colony

26. _______is the oldest party in Australia.

A.The National Party
B.Australian Democrat
C.The Australian Labor Party.
D.The Liberal Party of Australia

27.In New Zealand, the_______sector accounts for about two thirds of both the workforce and the national income.

A.forestry
B.tourism
C.mining
D.service

28.New Zealand director Peter Jackson directed the film______.

A.The Piano
B.Whole Rider
C.The Lord of the Rings
D.Once Were Warriors

29.In the year of______, the Irish Free State left, the British Commonwealth and became the Republic of Ireland.

A.1918
B.1920
C.1921
D.1948

30.The President’s term of office in Ireland is______ years.

A.lour
B.five
C.six
D.seven

二、填充題

BLANK FILLINGS Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 1-10 on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points, 2 points each)

11.A.JutesB.kiwiC.BeatlesD.shadowE.coalitionF.MidwestG.BrisbaneH.two thirdsI.MayflowerJ.three fourthsK.First NationsL.The Immigration and Nationality Act of 19651.Pop music underwent a revolution when the_______became world famous and turned their hometown of Liverpool into a place of pilgrimage.

12.2.The decisive characteristic of die two-party system in Britain is that the main opposition party forms a “________”government, ready at any time to take office.

13.3.In the mid-5th century, the three Teutonic tribes who invaded Britain were Angles, Saxons, and_______.

14.4.In 1620, the Pilgrims left England and crossed the Atlantic Ocean in a ship called the______ to reach Plymouth in North America.

15.5.The Great Lakes are the economic lifeline of the ______of the US.

16.6.Amendments to the US Constitution must have the approval of______states before they can enter into force.

17.7._______, also known as the Hart-Cellar Act, resulted in new immigration from non-European nations, which changed the ethnic make-up of the US.

18.8.The Indians, often collectively called the______, are the largest of the aboriginal groups in Canada.

19.9.The three largest Australian cities—Sydney, Melbourne, and______—are located on the eastern and southeastern coasts.

110.10.The_______is a national symbol of New Zealand, and New Zealanders refer to themselves with this hen-sized flightless bird.

三、解釋術語

Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answers on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (10 points, 5 points each)

21.the Emancipation Proclamation

22.the mixed member proportional (MMP) system of New Zealand

四、回答問題

Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

31.What are the four parts of the United Kingdom?

32.Why did the Chartist movement fail?

33.How was Amerigo Vespucci associated with the American continent?

34.What are the main causes of the differences of climate in Canada?

35.What contributed to the great increase in the aboriginal population in Canada in the second half of the 20th century?

36.What is the most widespread religion in Australia?

37.How can a referendum proposal become law in Australia?

38.What was the purpose of the Belfast Agreement?

39.What are the two large landmasses of New Zealand?

310.What are the languages that have influenced the Modem Irish?

五、論文問題

ESSAY QUESTION Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

41.Explain the Bill of Rights of the UK and the Bill of Rights of the US respectively and analyze their similarities.

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