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英語國家概況自考2016年04月真題

責任編輯:彭雅倩 發布日期:2019年06月23日 來源:學賽網

【摘要】該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

英語國家概況自考2016年04月真題及答案解析

該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

一、單項選擇題

Multiple Choice Questions (30 points, 1 points for each) Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statements or questions, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statements or answers the question. Blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.

1.King Edward was known as the “______”because of his religious piety.

A.Defender
B.Protector
C.Conqueror
D.Confessor

2.________is the birthplace for cricket.

A.England
B.Scotland
C.Northern Ireland
D.Wales

3.Which of the following statements is true about Henry Ⅱ’s reform?

A.He abolished the annual land tax and replaced it with a heavier one.
B.He divided the country into six circuits and appointed local barons to her hear cases.
C.He ordered that all cases involving clerks should be tried in the Bishop’s courts.
D.He increased the work of the Chancery both in amount and in sophistication.

4.In Britain, the parliamentary general election is normally held every______ years; while in the US, the presidential election is held every______years.

A.six/five
B.five/six
C.five/four
D.six/four

5.The______is a member of all three branches of the British government.

A.prime minister
B.lord chancellor
C.Archbishop of Canterbury
D.leader of the opposition party

6.Scottish inventor_______modified and improved the design of steam engine and produced a very efficient one with rotary motion in 1765.

A.James Watt
B.John Kay
C.Richard Arkwright
D.Samuel Crompton

7.The great majority of British parents send their children to______.

A.state schools
B.home schools
C.public schools
D.private schools

8.The narrowest part of the English Channel between England and______is the Straits of Dover.

A.France
B.Belgium
C.Germany
D.the Netherlands

9.The Hundred Years’ War started in_______and ended in 1453, in which the English lost all of its territories in the European continent EXCEPT______.

A.1337/Calais
B.1337/Flanders
C.1346/Calais
D.1346/Flanders

10.The English Civil War is also called the_______.

A.Seven Years’ War
B.British Reformation
C.Puritan Revolution
D.Glorious Revolution

11._______, the only American playwright to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, is often considered the father of American drama.

A.Arthur Miller
B.Eugene O’Neill
C.D. H. Lawrence
D.William Faulkner

12.The Mississippi River, also called_______, has played a vital role in American history.

A.the American Ruhr
B.the Moon River
C.Old Man River
D.Old Mother River

13.The decision on setting up a world organization, the United Nations, was made at_______Conference in 1945.

A.Yalta
B.Paris
C.Teheran
D.Potsdam

14.The American Constitution, the world’s oldest written constitution, was drawn up in______.

A.1781
B.1787
C.1789
D.1798

15.Though______ is no longer the most popular sport in the US, it is still referred to as “the national sport”by the Americans.

A.rugby
B.football
C.baseball D. basketball

16.In the 1960s’ Civil Rights Movement, African Americans demand the following EXCEPT the______.

A.equal right to vote
B.equal treatment in education
C.equal treatment in transportation
D.election of a president of African origin

17.The difficult period of political, social, and economic changes in the South after the American Civil War is known as_______.

A.Reformation
B.Urbanization
C.Modernization
D.Reconstruction

18.All the following institutions of higher education are located in New England EXCEPT______.

A.Yale
B.MIT
C.Stanford
D.Harvard

19. Among the US religious followers, _______account for the largest percentage.

A.Jewish
B.Buddhists
C.Protestants
D.Roman Catholics

20._______is the day to honor the American dead of all wars.

A.Veterans Day
B.Memorial Day
C.Independence Day
D.Thanksgiving Day

21.In the year of_______, Canada was finally a fully independent nation.

A.1931
B.1939
C.1982
D.1999

22.In terms of land area, Canada spans______time zones and borders three oceans.

A.three
B.four
C.five
D.six

23.The first novel set in Canada was_______, published in 1769.

A.Anne of Green Gables
B.Orion and Other Poems
C.Wild Animals I Have Known
D.The History of Emily Montague

24.The parliament of Australia consists of the Senate and the______.

A.House of Lords
B.House of Burgesses
C.House of Commons
D.House of Representatives

25.In 1770, _______visited southeastern Australia near what is now Sydney and claimed the land for Britain.

A.James Cook
B.Abel Tasman
C.William Dampier
D.Samuel de Champlain

26._______is the only major city of Australia not located on a coast.

A.Sydney
B.Canberra
C.Melbourne
D.Brisbane

27.Which of the following statements about the Maori of New Zealand is NOT true?

A.Most Maori today are as well-paid as the Pakeha.
B.The arrival of Europeans disrupted Maori social networks.
C.There are various explanations for the origins of the Maori.
D.Traditional Maori social organization was based on clans.

29.From the late 8th to the 10th century, _______invaded parts of Ireland but were eventually defeated by the Irish.

A.Celts
B.Saxons
C.Vikings
D.Normans

30.Which of the following statements about Irish president is NOT true?

A.He normally acts on the advice of the government.
B.He heads the cabinet and presides over its meetings.
C.He signs and promulgates bills passed by the Oireachtas.
D.He is elected directly by the public for a term of seven years.

二、填充題

BLANK FILLINGS Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 1-10 on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points, 2 points each)

11.A.ArmadaB.QuebecC.SenateD.federationE.Reform. ActF.confederationG.Bill of RightsH.ANZUS TreatyI.Indian Act of 1876J.House of CommonsK.House of RepresentativesL.Department of Health and ChildrenThe British prime minister is the leader of the majority party in the______.

12.In the UK, the______of 1832, though called the “Great Charter of 1832”, was regarded as a great betrayal by the middle class of the working classes.

13.In the summer of 1588 the Spanish fleet, the______, was defeated by the English navy.

14.The_______is the term used for the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States.

15.The leader of the_______is the vice president of the United States.

16.By 1608, Samuel de Champlain had reached______, where he founded France’s first permanent Canadian colony.

17.In Canada the word “Indian” has a legal definition under the______.

18.The six colonies of Australia joined together to form. a ______ on January 1, 1901 when the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act was enacted by the British Parliament.

19.In 1951, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States signed the_____, creating a Pacific defense alliance.

110.In Ireland, health services are administered by eight regional health boards under the general supervision of the______.

三、解釋術語

Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answers on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (10 points, 5 points each)

21.Open University in the UK

22.”the land down under”

四、回答問題

Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

31.Why did the Romans never fully occupy Britain between 55 BC and 410 AD?

32.What are the three elements of the British Parliament?

33.What languages contributed to the shaping of the English language in history?

34.What was the aim of the Progressive Movement in American history?

35.What judicial power docs the US Supreme Court have while British courts do not?

36.What are the two official languages of Canada?

37.Why is Australia Day celebrated on January 26?

38.Why did the aboriginal people of New Zealaod adopt the name “Maori”?

39.What is the meaning of the name of Ireland’s capital?

310.Who is the author of the novel Ulysses?

五、論文問題

ESSAY QUESTION Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

41.What were the impacts of the War of 1812 on the development of the United States?

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