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英語國家概況自考2015年04月真題

責任編輯:彭雅倩 發布日期:2019年06月23日 來源:學賽網

【摘要】該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

英語國家概況自考2015年04月真題及答案解析

該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

一、單項選擇題

Multiple Choice Questions (50 points, 1 points for each) Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statements or questions, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statements or answers the question. Blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.

1.There are three_______divisions on the island of Great Britain: England,Scotland and Wales.

A.social
B.cultural
C.religious
D.political

2._______, among the British monarchs, was regarded as “the father of the British navy”.

A.Henry Ⅱ
B.Henry Ⅷ
C.Alfred the Great
D.William the Conqueror

3.The Celtic tribes are NOT ancestors of the_______.

A.Irish
B.Welsh
C.English
D.Highland Scots

4.The Romans remained in control of Britain for about______years.

A.100
B.200
C.300
D.400

5.One particular feature of the feudal system of England was that all landowners took oath of allegiance for the land they held______.

A.to their immediate lord, but not to the king
B.to the king, but not to their immediate lord
C.neither to their immediate lord nor to the king
D.not only to their immediate lord, but also to the king

6.The Magna Carta had altogether 63 clauses, of which the most important ones were the following EXCEP that_______.

A.no tax should be made without the approval of the Grand Council
B.the Church should possess all its rights together with freedom of elections
C.London and other towns should give up their ancient rights and privileges
D.no freeman should be arrested, imprisoned, or deprived of his property except by the law of the land

7.The name of the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) is given to the intermittent war between_______.

A.France and England
B.Spain and England
C.Germany and England
D.America and England

8.The Peasant Uprising of 1381 in Britain_______.

A.was brutally suppressed
B.was a great success in English history
C.hindered the development of capitalism
D.had little significance in English history

9._______ treated 5 questions - her religion, her marriage, her foreign policy, her succession to the throne, and her finance - as personal and private.

A.Elizabeth I
B.Elizabeth II
C.Mary Stuart
D.Mary Tudor

10.The_______lasted intermittently for 30 years.

A.Civil War
B.First World War
C.Wars of the Roses
D.Second World War

11._______ was responsible for the English Reformation in British history.

A.Elizabeth I
B.Henry Ⅷ
C.Alfred the Great
D.William the Conqueror

12.The most famous literary work written by John Milton in the late 17th century was_______.

A.Paradise Lost
B.Julius Caesar
C.Dr. Faustus
D.Pilgrim’s Progress

13.The Bill of Rights (1689) was finally accepted by______thus marking the beginning of the age of constitutional monarchy.

A.James I
B.James II
C.Charles II
D.William and Mary

14.Agricultural changes in the late 18th century Britain were caused by the following EXCEPT_______.

A.the Enclosure Acts
B.Robert Bakewell’s selective breeding
C.small farms cultivated on the“open-field”
D.new agricultural machinery invented by Jethro Tull

15.The two events which most alarmed the British ruling classes in the closing decades of the 18th century were_______.

A.the Enlightenment and French Revolution
B.the Industrial Revolution and French Revolution
C.the American War of Independence and French Revolution
D.the Hundred Years’ War and the American War of Independence

16.During the First World War, the Allies included_______.

A.France, Italy and Turkey
B.Britain, France and Russia
C.Germany and Austria-Hungary
D.Britain, Germany and Austria-Hungary

17.As the oldest British institution, the______has lasted for more than 1,000 years.

A.Cabinet
B.Monarchy
C.Parliament
D.Privy Council

18.London’s Metropolitan Police Force is directly under the control of_______.

A.Lord Chancellor
B.Ministry of Justice
C.the Home Secretary
D.the Attorney General

19.A______who practices with 7,000 patients or more in England may apply for fundholding status.

A.barrister
B.professor
C.magistrate
D.general practitioner

20.According to the textbook, the British public reads more______than virtually any other country in the world.

A.novels
B.magazines
C.newspapers
D.scientific essays

21.According to the textbook, the five most populous cities in the United States are______.

A.New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami and Detroit
B.New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Pittsburgh and Philadelphia
C.New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, New Orleans and Philadelphia
D.New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco and Philadelphia

22.______lived on the land by hunting, gathering, fishing and fanning even before the discovery of the New World.

A.The Puritans
B.The Indians
C.The Pilgrims
D.The black slaves

23.The result of the War with Mexico was that______.

A.Texas was added to the Union
B.the United States paid 10 million dollars to Mexico
C.Mexico agreed to give Louisiana to the United States
D.Mexico was forced to agree to give California and New Mexico to the United States

24.The American Civil War ended in_______and cost America 618,000 lives.

A.1861
B.1863
C.1865
D.1873

25.______was NOT among the contents of President Roosevelt’s New Deal.

A.Cancellation of federal labor laws
B.Establishing social security systems
C.Stimulating the recovery of industry and agriculture
D.Strengthening government regulation and control of banking, credit and currency systems

26.The leaders of the United States, the Soviet Union and_______met three times during the Second World War.

A.France
B.Britain
C.Japan
D.Germany

27.Through an executive order in 1947_______started the violation of the Bill of Rights and widespread persecution of Communists and progressive people.

A.President Truman
B.Senator McCarthy
C.General Marshal
D.George Kennan

28.The great impacts of the Vietnam War on American society included the following EXCEPT that______.

A.there was great unity within the ruling circle
B.the image of the United States was discredited
C.the United States was weakened because of the long war
D.people were divided in their attitudes towards American society

29.______was the beginning of American involvement in Vietnam.

A.Japanese surrender in 1945
B.The outbreak of the Korean War
C.The French invasion of Indochina
D.Truman’s decision to send military aid to Vietnam to support the French

30.Which statement about the U.S. economy is NOT true?

A.It is both an economic and technological giant.
B.The U.S. is by far the biggest industrial country in the world.
C.It is first in such advanced fields as computers, space, nuclear energy and electronics.
D.It produces a major portion of the world’s industrial products and its share is growing rapidly.

31.In the U.S., ________produce about 85% of the total output of goods and services.

A.state-run enterprises
B.government enterprises
C.people in independent professional practice
D.the privately owned and operated businesses

32.U.S. Government involvement in the economy increased dramatically during the______.

A.Great Depression
B.period of prosperity
C.Second World War
D.Progressive Movement

33.Which statement about the U.S. Constitution is NOT true?

A.The Constitution is the supreme law of the land.
B.The American Constitution is the oldest written constitution in the world.
C.The Constitution was drawn up in 1787 and went into effect in the same year.
D.The Constitution has provided the basis for its political stability, economic growth and social progress.

34.In order to make sure that the new government would not misuse its powers, the writers of the Constitution set up a system of_______in the form of separation of powers.

A.winner-take-all
B.mutual supervision
C.checks and balances
D.voluntary supervision

35.Generally, the number of presidential electors in the U.S. is______the number of Senators and Representatives each state has in Congress.

A.equal to
B.less than
C.more than
D.10% more than

36.There is a certain degree of similarity in the U.S. elementary school curriculum, which mainly consists of mastery of the“basics”,such as_______.

A.reading, writing and arithmetic
B.science, visual arts and grammar
C.science, history and music
D.reading, writing and music

37.In the early 1900s, the kind of two-year colleges that emerged to meet the immediate need of the economic expansion and rapid rise in immigrants of the times was the______.

A.liberal arts college
B.community college
C.research university
D.doctoral university

38._______is a historical, national and religious holiday that began with the Pilgrims.

A.Christmas Day
B.Thanksgiving Day
C.New Year’s Day
D.Valentine’s Day

39._______is regarded as Mark Twain’s master work.

A.The Gilded Age
B.Life on the Mississippi
C.The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
D.The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

40._______ was the spokesman for the“Lost Generation”.

A.Ernest Hemingway
B.T. S. Eliot
C.Theodore Dreiser
D.Richard Wright

41.Montreal became a major port in Canada because it is_______.

A.next to Ottawa
B.next to the city of Quebec
C.in the province of Quebec
D.on an island in the St. Lawrence River

42.According to the textbook, Canada is a_______country with a_______ population of 26,300,000.

A.large/large
B.small/large
C.large/small
D.small/small

43.In 1885, the Canadian Pacific Railway was completed and the country was linked______.

A.from north to south
B.from coast to coast
C.with the United States
D.with South America

44.There is/are_______official language(s) in Ireland.

A.one
B.two
C.three
D.four

45.In 1948, Ireland voted itself_______the Commonwealth and on April 18, 1949 declared itself a republic.

A.into
B.out of
C.a part of
D.a member of

46.Australia’s Eastern Highlands are better known as_______.

A.the Dividing Range
B.the Great Barrier
C.the Great Dividing Range
D.the Great Barrier Range

47.In 1996, Australia’s population is about 18 million or about______people to the square kilometer.

A.two
B.three
C.four
D.five

48.In recent years Australian governments have encouraged people with different ethnic backgrounds to______and this policy is called multiculturalism.

A.change their cultures
B.keep their own cultures
C.learn from other cultures
D.give up their own cultures

49.There are______all over New Zealand.

A.bogs
B.deserts
C.wetlands
D.mountains

50.Waitangi Day is New Zealand’s _______.

A.Labor Day
B.National Day
C.New Year’s Day
D.Independence Day

二、回答問題

Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

11.In which year did the English navy defeat the Armada (the Spanish fleet), establishing England’s superiority as a naval power?

12.What were the two conflicting sides during the English Civil War in the 17th century?

13.When was Princess Elizabeth crowned Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey?

14.What institution in the U.K. is the largest single employer of labor?

15.What accounts for a major source of population growth in the United States?

16.What incident made the United States formally declare war against the Axis powers in World War II?

17.What is the U.S. President’s official residence?

18.What are the three principal functions of the system of higher education in the United States?

19.What does the kiwi (a nocturnal bird) mean to the New Zealanders?

110.According to Australian Aboriginal culture, what is the relationship between the people and the environment?

三、解釋術語

Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answers on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (20 points, 5 points each)

21.Alfred the Great

22.Thatcherism

23.American federal system

24.The Progressive Movement

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