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英語國家概況自考2013年04月真題

責任編輯:彭雅倩 發布日期:2019年06月23日 來源:學賽網

【摘要】該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

英語國家概況自考2013年04月真題及答案解析

該試卷為自考英語國家概況歷年真題試卷,包含答案及詳細解析。

一、單項選擇題

Multiple Choice Questions (50 points, 1 points for each) Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statements or questions, four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statements or answers the question. Blacken the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET.

1.The English Civil War is also called_______.

A.the Second Magna Carta
B.the Glorious Revolution
C.the Puritan Revolution
D.the Long Parliament

2._______were the most industrious and vigorous of the Celtic tribes.

A.The Iberians
B.The Gaels
C.The Brythons
D.The Belgae

3.Which of the following is NOT true about King Alfred?

A.He was a learned man.
B.He did not encourage learning in others.
C.He established schools and formulated a legal system.
D.He is said to have taught himself Latin at the age of 40.

4.Domesday Book was completed in _______.

A.1066
B.1085
C.1086
D.1215

5.Under William the Conqueror, the feudal system in England was completely established. According to this system, _______.

A.the barons owned the land
B.the King owned all the land personally
C.the freemen were at the bottom of the feudal scale
D.the growth of the power of the barons was not restrained

6.The Black Death in the 14th century______.

A.spread through the whole world
B.was an epidemic disease spread by rat fleas
C.killed two thirds of the population in England
D.spared those who were rich enough to afford the expensive medicine

7.Which of the following is NOT a reason that Henry VIII carried out the religious reform?

A.He needed money.
B.He was a frivolous king.
C.The privilege and wealth of the clergy were resented.
D.A desire for change and reform in the Church had been growing for many years.

8.What was Elizabeth’s relationship with the Parliament?

A.It was often turbulent.
B.She often troubled the Parliament. .
C.She was not able to work with the Parliament.
D.The Puritans in the House of Commons were not loyal to her.

9.Who is generally regarded as the greatest writer in the English language?

A.Christopher Marlowe.
B.Ben Johnson.
C.William Shakespeare.
D.Geoffrey Chaucer.

10.Elizabethan drama began to excel only in the last decade of the______century and reached its height in the first 15 years of the_______century.

A.15th, 16th
B.16th, 17th
C.17th, 18th
D.18lh, 19th

11.The British Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, came to the throne in______.

A.1950
B.1951
C.1952
D.1953

12.Most bills in the House of Commons arc relating to public policy, the great majority of which are government measures introduced by______.

A.a Minister
B.an individual member
C.the Speaker
D.the Opposition Leader

13.In the United Kingdom, which of the following is NOT responsible for justice?

A.Lord Chancellor.
B.Home Secretary.
C.Attorney General.
D.Chancellor of Exchequer.

14.The House of Lords may not delay for longer than one year any bill passed by the Commons in______successive sessions.

A.two
B.three
C.four
D.five

15.According to the text, ______ is by far the largest advertising medium.

A.press
B.radio
C.television
D.internet

16.Which statement about British higher education is NOT true?

A.The British universities are not governed by royal charters.
B.Tuition fees for students are paid through the awards system.
C.Universities can appoint their own staff, and decide which students to admit.
D.Universities enjoy academic freedom, and provide their own courses and award their degrees.

17.Easter is traditionally associated with the following EXCEPT______.

A.the coming of spring
B.the eating of Easter eggs
C.the resurrection of Christ
D.the burning of a guy on bonfire

18.British citizens over the age of______have the right to vote, except criminals and certified lunatics.

A.16
B.18
C.19
D.21

19.Ceremonies are held at Buckingham Palace and the Palace of Holyroodhouse in_____to bestow honors.

A.England
B.Wales
C.Scotland
D.Northern Ireland

20.In Britain, the parliament has the following functions EXCEPT______.

A.to pass laws
B.to declare war and make peace
C.to examine the actions of the government
D.to authorize taxation and public expenditure

21.The Declaration of Independence is a clear explanation of the political theory behind the American Revolution and this theory came from the British philosopher______.

A.John Locke
B.Thomas Jefferson
C.Alexander Hamilton
D.George Washington

22.The Blacks make up about______of the total population in the U.S.

A.10.1%
B.12.1%
C.15.1%
D.20.1%

23.The biggest city in the U.S. is______.

A.Los Angeles
B.San Francisco
C.Chicago
D.New York

24.General Motors, Ford and Chrysler are the three giants in American______.

A.auto industry
B.computer industry
C.steel industry
D.chemical industry

25._______accounts for a major source of population growth in the U.S.

A.Immigration
B.Emigration
C.High birth rate
D.Low death rate

26.When O’Sullivan first put forward the“Manifest Destiny”______.

A.he wanted to support the volunteers fighting in Texas
B.he wanted to justify American westward territorial expansion
C.he wanted to prove that the Americans were God's chosen people
D.none of the above

27.The“first Americans”were _______.

A.the Asians
B.the Africans
C.the Indians
D.the Europeans

28.The laissez-faire theory of the 19th century should be understood as_____.

A.government control of economy
B.monopoly of economy by big business
C.cut-throat competition and survival of the fittest
D.government giving the business people a free hand in managing economy

29.One of the results of WWI to the United Slates was______.

A.it became a debtor nation
B.it became a creditor nation
C.it owed other countries 3.7 billion US dollars
D.it became the strongest military power in the world

30.In the long telegram to the U.S. State Department, George Kennan wrote that_____.

A.a war with the Soviet Union was inevitable
B.reconciliation with the Soviet Union was impossible
C.the Soviet Union would not expand in the near future
D.a policy of containment should be adopted in dealing with the Soviet Union

31.The Taiwan Relations Act was adopted by the U.S. Congress______.

A.not long before Carter left the White House
B.in the first term of the Reagan administration
C.soon after the establishment of diplomatic relations with China
D.not long before the establishment of diplomatic relations with China

32.Which of the following is NOT an impact of the Vietnam War on the American society?

A.The image of the United Slates was discredited.
B.The country was weakened as a result of the long war.
C.The American defense budget was much smaller than ever.
D.American society had never been so divided since the Civil War.

33.______was the first American President to resign as a result of the Watergate Scandal.

A.President Kennedy
B.President Johnson
C.President Carter
D.President Nixon

34.The U.S. Constitution requires the President to be a natural-born American citizen at least_____years of age.

A.30
B.35
C.40
D.45

35.In February 1972, _______visited China and met Chairman Mao Zedong and the two countries issued the Shanghai Communique.

A.President Bush
B.President Carter
C.President Reagan
D.President Nixon

36.In the United States, the privately owned and operated businesses including farms, produce______of the total output of goods and services.

A.all
B.most
C.half
D.less than half

37.The community colleges in the U.S. have the following main functions EXCEPT _______.

A.to research and offer public service
B.to prepare students for transferring to a B.A. program
C.to provide vocational training for the working people
D.to provide recreational and cultural activities for adults

38.Today______of the American people still live under the poverty line.

A.none
B.few
C.some
D.many

39.Christopher Columbus reached the New World in _______.

A.1492
B.1607
C.1620
D.1776

40._______is considered to be Hemingway’s representative work.

A.Old Man and the Sea
B.For Whom the Bell Tolls
C.The Sun Also Rises
D.A Farewell to Arms

41.Off the_______coast of Australia is a 2,000 km line of coral islands and reefs known as the Great Barrier Reef.

A.northwestern
B.southwestern
C.northeastern
D.southeastern

42.Australia as a whole averages only______persons per square kilometer.

A.two
B.three
C.four
D.five

43.The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) was mapped out of the slate of_____to be the site of the national capital.

A.Tasmania
B.Victoria
C.Queensland
D.New South Wales

44.Modern Australian culture is a mixture of the following traditions and influences EXCEPT______.

A.Asian
B.British
C.African
D.American

45.The sunniest town in New Zealand,______, receives more than 2400 hours of sunshine a year.

A.Nelson
B.Dunedin
C.Auckland
D.Wellington

46.The Shannon River______in the Republic of Ireland.

A.is the most impressive
B.is the second largest river
C.provides much of the electric power
D.rises in the mountains near Sligo Bay

47.The capital of Canada, Ottawa, is located in the province of_______.

A.Alberta
B.Manitoba
C.Quebec
D.Ontario

48.After_______, the whole Canada came under the British rule.

A.the War of 1812
B.the Seven Years’ War
C.the First World War
D.the War of Independence

49.In 1949, Newfoundland became Canada’s_______province.

A.7th
B.8th
C.9th
D.10th

50.In the past, _______were the principal sources of immigration of Canada.

A.the United States
B.Latin American countries
C.Britain and Western Europe
D.Britain and Northern Europe

二、回答問題

Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points, 3 points for each)

11.When did England begin to be Christianized?

12.How is the British higher education financed?

13.What is the official residence of the British Prime Minister in London?

14.What was the U.S. Supreme Court ruling for the case of Brown versus Board of Education in 1954?

15.What is the“winner-take-all”system in the U.S.?

16.What kind of education is compulsory in the United States?

17.What is the policy that Australian governments have adopted to encourage people with different ethnic backgrounds to keep their own cultures?

18.What was the significance of the Statute of Westminster in 1931 to Canada?

19.When did the partition of Ireland occur?

110.What do the Maoris consider their ancestors and all living things in the world to be descended from?

三、解釋術語

Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answers on the answer sheet in around 40 words. (20 points, 5 points each)

21.Quality papers in the United Kingdom

22.Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921

23.Frederick Douglass

24.Bilingualism in Canada

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